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Land possessions of Vyšší Brod / Hohenfurth a century ago

Ansicht des Klosters von Osten im WinterAccording to the Manual of large-scale land-holding in Bohemia in 1906, the monastery of Vyšší Brod had property of 4,351.72 hectares. Of this, 697 hectares were covered by arable land, 712 hectares by meadows and 2,886 hectares (that is, the largest part) by forests. The net profit amounted to 29,656 crowns, the property tax was 7,792 crowns. Then there was land assets in Komařice near České Budějovice with 1,209.56 hectares. Of this, 321 hectares were covered by arable land, 147 hectares by meadows and 591 hectares by forests. The net profit amounted to 17,170 crowns, the tax was 3,898 crowns. Altogether in 1906 the monastery of Vyšší Brod had 5,561.28 hectares of land with the total net profit amounting to 46,826 crowns and a property tax of 11,690 crowns. Let us compare the real estate holdings of another Cistercian monastery, Osek, at the foot of the Ore Mountains. Its property at that time reached 3,757 hectares, of which 1,713 were covered by arable land, 288 hectares by meadows and 1,593 hectares by forests. The net profit amounted to 120,105 crowns, the tax on the property was 27,263 crowns. Vyšší Brod Monastery had more land then Osek but a lower income due to the harsher climate around Vyšší Brod. When the Czechoslovak Republic carried out the land reform in the areas populated by Germans after World War One, the monastery lost part of its property. According to the Czech Manual of large-scale land-holding in Bohemia in 1933, the monastery of Vyšší Brod still had 4,351.72 hectares, that is, about 571 hectares fewer than in 1906. It should be noted, however, that considerably more than 571 hectares was confiscated by means of the land reform, because the monastery had bought land between 1906 and 1933.


 
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